A Guide to Preventing Bed Bugs on Mattress

bed bugs on mattress

Are you tired of dealing with bed bugs on your mattress? Believe me, we know how it feels. All around the world, bed bugs are an overwhelming and unwelcome problem in homes and other dwellings.

It’s estimated that 43% of US households have encountered a bed bug infestation at least once over the last decade. But don’t lose hope just yet – there is plenty to be done when it comes to tackling this issue effectively! 

In this blog post, we’ll take a look at methods for accurately checking for signs of infestation, strategies for eradicating them from your mattress safely and efficiently as well as tips (including prevention) which will help guard against future breakouts.

Let’s get started on our journey towards uninfested mattresses!

Key Takeaways

  • Bed bugs are small, wingless insects that feed on human or animal blood and have been around for centuries.
  • Early detection of bed bug infestations is necessary for quick resolution and involves looking for signs such as rusty or reddish stains, dark spots and tiny pale yellow eggs.
  • To get rid of bedbugs in a mattress it’s important to properly identify the infested areas, prepare the area for treatment and use chemical or non chemical treatments to kill bed bugs.
  • Professional pest control services offer experience and expertise in successfully dealing with bed bug infestations using strategies such as insecticides, vacuuming, steam cleaning and freezing liquid nitrogen (-60ºC).

What are Bed Bugs?

Bed bugs are small, wingless insects that feed on human or animal blood. They often hide in cracks and crevices near areas where people rest and sleep.

Where do they come from?

Bed bugs have been around for centuries, with some researchers believing they originated in the Middle East from bats. Bed bugs can spread quickly and easily, hitchhiking their way on humans through their travels or onto clothes and second-hand furniture.

They may even already be living in spaces where humans reside, such as inside electrical switch plates, picture frames and wallpaper. When infested possessions are moved into a new apartment or home this too can cause an outbreak of bed bugs which poses health concerns for everyone in the home.

Keeping up with preventive measures is essential to avoid bringing these pests into our living spaces, whether we’re renting an Airbnb while traveling or moving homes altogether.

How to identify if you have bed bugs

It’s important to be able to recognize the early signs of bed bugs. Pay attention to signs such as rusty or reddish stains on bed sheets or mattresses, dark spots that may be bed bug excrement roughly the size of a dot, and tiny pale yellow eggs or eggshells.

Blood spots on sheets and mattresses are also common in early infestations. Check for live or dead bed bugs by inspecting your mattress and surrounding areas. 

If you spot any of these indicators it’s best to call a professional pest control exterminator right away as this suggests an active infestation rather than just potential exposure to pests in transit.

Be sure to also look for other clues like stale odors near cracks and crevices, frequent disturbances during sleep hours, scratch marks along fabric.

Signs of Bed Bugs on a Mattress

Here are some subtle signs indicating your mattress could be infested with bed bugs.

AspectBed Bugs Signs on Mattress
StainsSmall, dark stains on mattress
OdorSweet, musty odor
ExoskeletonsShed exoskeletons
Blood SpotsTiny, rust-colored blood spots
Live BugsPresence of live bugs
PreventionRegular inspection and cleaning
TreatmentProfessional pest control
Health RiskCan cause allergies and anxiety
Economic ImpactCostly to eradicate and replace
Emotional DistressCan cause psychological distress

Methods to Check Your Mattress for Bed Bugs

Utilizing natural light and a magnifying glass, thoroughly inspect your mattress for possible signs of bed bugs.

Looking for signs of infestation

It’s important to inspect your mattress for signs of a bed bug infestation. Aside from finding visible bed bugs, some other key indicators include blood spots or fecal stains on sheeting or other linens.

Tiny reddish-brown fecal spots can be found on mattresses and upholstery as well, which could indicate the presence of bed bugs. 

To thoroughly check a mattress for any indication of an infestation it’s best to use a flashlight in order to look closely at corners and crevices during the day; this is one method that can help in detecting them early, ensuring you get the issue treated by experts in a timely manner before things become out of hand.

Where bed bugs hide

Bed bugs are crafty pests that can hide in various locations around your home, especially within mattresses. Bed bugs often hide away inside the seams of a mattress, as well as its piping or tags.

It is important to be thorough when checking for signs of bed bug infestation including cracks and crevices inside walls or wood furniture. Using a flashlight while looking into these hard-to-reach places can help detect any potential sign of bed bug activity.

Additionally, bed bugs have been found to reside in unexpected spots other than beds such as walls and floorboards so make sure to look out for them there too! Pay attention and use caution when examining any space—with the right knowledge you will soon be able to identify if it has become a breeding ground for this uninvited guest!

Steps to Get Rid of Bed Bugs in a Mattress

Properly identify the infested areas, prepare the area for treatment, and use chemical or non chemical treatments to kill bed bugs.

Identify infested spaces

When it comes to bed bug infestations, early detection is key. Although bed bugs are active primarily at night, they can hide in crevices and other places during the day. Properly identifying signs of an infestation is essential for quick and efficient resolution.

Thorough inspections are necessary to detect all areas where bed bugs may be hiding; these creatures often inhabit folds in mattresses, box springs or any fabric or material with seams they can enter.

Flashlights can also help reveal physical manifestations of a problem that would otherwise remain labored under darkness. 

Signs of an infestation might include brown spots on sheets from excrement or molted skin left behind by immature insects; dark specks along mattress edges that could be dead mosquitos—but more likely indicate dried-up blood from bites–or black streaks indicating bug trails crawling beneath surfaces; tiny eggs resembling poppy seeds stuck in creases near corners could also signal a larger issue needing immediate attention (note: eggs take up to 10 days to hatch).

Prepare the area for treatment

Before attempting treatment, it is important to make sure that the area around your mattress is properly prepared. 

Start by removing all clutter, such as children’s toys and clothing, from the bedroom or living room space where you suspect bed bugs may be present.

In addition to this necessary first step, furniture near an infested location should also be disassembled so that each corner can be thoroughly inspected for signs of activity within the crevices or paneling.

Any cracks and crevices must be sealed in order to prevent the reintroduction of any remaining insects after treatment has been completed.

Consulting with professional pest management experts for assistance at this point will optimize proper preparation and ensure comprehensive elimination of bed bugs when treating a mattress.

Kill bed bugs with chemical or non chemical treatments

When tackling a bed bug infestation in your mattress, it is important to have knowledge of the various chemical and non chemical treatments available. Pyrethrins and pyrethroids are two commonly used chemicals that can be used to kill bed bugs.

They are not applied directly on mattresses or bedding but rather sprayed around them as an aerosol for optimal results. Total-release aerosols (also known as foggers) should be avoided and launder all fabrics in hot water which has proven to effectively kill these tiny pests.

It’s highly recommended to get professional help if you’re unable to deal with the problem yourself, due to their extensive experience in dealing with such issues successfully. 

Professional exterminators will treat your room with both nonchemical measures like vacuuming along the seams or crevices where the mattress meets walls.

While leaving no sign of over spraying that other methods may leave when liberating poisons into air space outside the intended area of scope designed by manufacturing guidelines for those products labeled appropriately approved by commercial pest control companies justly so! 

In particular individuals susceptible to allergies must carefully consider what type treatments best suit that needs specific situation. 

Professional Extermination

Calling in a professional pest control service is often the best way to quickly deal with bed bug infestations, as they have the knowledge and experience needed for successful eradication.

When to call a professional pest control company

At the first sign of a potential bed bug infestation, it is essential to call in professional help. Pest control professionals bring experience and expertise that increase the chances of successful eradication.

Anticipating and overcoming challenges like how far the bugs have spread, where they are hiding or creating nests are some of their key skill sets. They use proven treatments with chemical or non chemical insecticides based on what works best for your situation such as steamers, vacuums, residual dusts etc., which might not be readily available over-the-counter.

This helps eliminate populating quickly by removing both adults and eggs from mattresses, furniture, carpets with minimal risk of re-infestations due to incorrect techniques used by inexperienced DIYers.

How they treat bed bugs

Pest control professionals use strategies to detect, locate and eradicate bed bugs. Chemical treatments are the most commonly used method of treating an infestation. Insecticides are formulated using pyrethrins or synthetic pyrethroids that target pests such as bed bugs on contact or by ingestion.

Bed bug eggs can be especially difficult to kill, requiring multiple rounds of insecticide treatment at intervals over a period of time to ensure they’ve been eliminated from the area.

Non Chemical treatments include physical methods like vacuuming, heat treatment (over 120°F), steam cleaning and freezing with liquid nitrogen (-60ºC). Winter temperatures below 14ºF will also kill bed bugs but may not completely eliminate them from buildings where insulation is present.

How to Prevent Bed Bugs in Your Mattress

Employing good hygiene practices, regularly vacuuming your sleeping area and mattress crevices, using bed bug proof encasements, and washing potentially infected laundry on high heat are all important to help prevent bed bugs.

Tips for prevention

When it comes to avoiding a bed bug infestation, there are some simple steps you can take. Reducing clutter in your home helps prevent any hiding places for the bugs. Investing in mattress encasements also helps protect against an infestation.

Furthermore, when bringing new items into the home make sure to wash them all on hot water; this will kill any stowaway bugs that hitchhiked their way into your house. 

Finally, thoroughly inspecting linens and mattresses is important for catching any signs of infestations early on so they can be treated appropriately before they spread too far.

By following these tips and taking preventive measures such as these, homeowners, renters, landlords, pest control professionals, parents, travelers and others can ensure an interruption-free sleep from unwanted critters!


1. What are bed bugs?
Bed bugs are small, parasitic insects that feed on human or animal blood. They can be found in mattresses and other furniture like couches or chairs.

2. How do you know if there is a bed bug infestation?
Signs of an infestation include dark spots left from their droppings, rusty-colored stains caused by crushed bugs on fabric surfaces, as well as a musty odor caused by pheromones released by the insects.

3. Are bed bug bites dangerous?
Bed bug bites can cause itching, swelling and irritation but typically they are not considered dangerous unless secondary skin infections occur due to scratching associated with intense itching sensation.          
4. How can I prevent bed bug infestations on my mattress?
To avoid an infestation, it’s important to regularly inspect your mattress for signs of pests such as dark spots and odors and also minimize clutter which provides hiding places for these parasites to hide in before feeding at night time.